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The Dutch gold 10 guilder is a beautiful addition to any numismatic collection. Its role in the history of the Dutch currency, its high gold content and the fact that this coin hasn’t been minted since the beginning of World War II make it a highly valued coin worldwide.
The obverse design of the 10 Guilder depends on the year of issue. Coins from the time of Queen Wilhelmina, who reigned from 1890- 1948, are the most common. These coins bear one of four different portraits of the queen. The rarest is called the Flowing Hair Guilder and portrays Wilhelmina as a girl. Coins prior to the reign of Wilhelmina show a portrait of one of the four Dutch kings who were in power at the particular date of issue.
The reverse of the 10 Guilder Gold coin shows the Netherlands Lesser Coat of Arms, which is a crowned shield that bears the image of a lion holding a sword and arrows. The inscription Koningrijk de Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands) surrounds the coat of arms. Also inscribed on the reverse are the date of issue and the demarcation of "10G".
The Dutch began using the guilder as their official form of currency in 1680 and continued using this currency – except during wartime occupations – until replaced by the Euro in 2002. The guilder was only originally issued in silver until gold guilders were also introduced in 1818. The gold guilder, despite its popularity, was suspended in 1933 when Germany began its occupation of the Netherlands during World War II and Wilhelmina was forced to seek refuge in Canada. Despite continuing her reign at the end of the war, both gold and silver guilder production was suspended, and guilders were made out of less precious metals.
The fact that these coins are no longer minted, combined with their increasing rarity (particularly the early versions of Wilhelmina) make them desirable to collectors interested in European numismatic coins.