Canadian Gold Maple Leaf Coin

Canadian Gold Coins

Gold coins are perhaps the most valuable asset in the portfolio of any investor, and collectors look for this coveted yellow metal when searching for the best pieces to add to their personal collections.

The 1 oz Canadian Maple Leaf Gold Coin is one of the world's most popular gold bullion coins. Gold is quite literally the standard upon which the precious metals industry operates. Countless mints around the globe, both sovereign and private, produce gold bullion options for numismatists and collectors alike. This high-quality gold coin was first issued in 1979. Since that time, over 25 million ounces have been sold worldwide.

The Royal Canadian Mint excels in high purity bullion coins, and the Gold Canadian Maple Leaf Coin was the first gold coin ever to be minted at .9999 fineness (99.99% pure gold). Few of those gold coin programs are more prominent and sought after than the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coin from the Royal Canadian Mint. Today, the Royal Canadian Mint strikes more than 1 billion coins annually.

In addition to its popular Canadian Maple Leaf series of gold, silver, and platinum bullion coins, the mint also strikes currency for as many as a dozen other countries. Like the American Gold Eagle Coin, the Canadian Gold Maple Coin is purchased more frequently than many other modern gold bullion coins, particularly in North America.

The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf Coin design has the universally recognized symbol of Canada, the maple leaf, on the reverse side along with the gold bullion coins purity and weight. Queen Elizabeth II appears on the obverse side surface with the gold bullion coins face value and year of issue. Despite volatility in historic spot gold prices and consequently gold coin prices, the Canadian Maple Leaf Gold Coin remains a favorite for gold investors and collectors alike.

This Canadian gold bullion coin is also available in smaller sizes than this 1 oz version like fractional Gold Maple Leaf Coins (1/2 oz, 1/4, oz 1/10 oz, 1 gram). The Canadian Gold Maple Coin is one of the best bullion gold coins to buy because the Royal Canadian Mint creates gold bullion coins that meet the highest standards of security, and which are recognized and accepted by gold bullion dealers worldwide.

The History of the Canadian Maple Leaf Coin

The obverse of all Canadian Maple Leafs, whether struck in silver, gold, platinum or palladium feature the right-profile portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. On the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf, three different incarnations of Her Majesty’s profile have appeared.

The reverse of all Canadian Maple Leaf coins features the image of the sugar maple leaf. Used on the reverse since the introduction of the gold version in 1979, this image has never changed. The only additions have been security measures, notably radial lines and a microscopic maple leaf privy.

Portraits on Coins

Queen Elizabeth II is featured on the front of the coin and she may be featured at different ages during her long reign depending on the year the coin was struck. The year the coin issued is also featured on the front, as well as the $5 value that it has been assigned.


The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf is struck annually in bullion and proof versions. The vast majority of Gold Maple Leaf coins arrive each year in BU condition. Coins in BU condition exhibit no signs of wear and tear, though you may notice a range of minor flaws including breaks in the luster, spotted surfaces, and contact marks from the coining process.

Investors and collectors buying gold often seek out those coins which have been certified by the Numismatic Guaranty Corporation or Professional Coin Grading Service. carries both bullion and proof certified coins, all within the Gold Maple Leaf range. Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coins are also eligible for retirement savings. Possibly consider Gold Maple Leaf coins as a present for a wedding or graduation.

Purity, Years made, Variants of Coins, and Weights

The three different incarnations of Her Majesty’s profile include:

1989 – The image of a 39-year-old Queen Elizabeth II.

1990 to 2004 – A depiction of Queen Elizabeth II at 64 years of age.

2005 to Present – Susanna Blunt’s depiction of Her Majesty at the age of 79.

Certification Information

Prior to the introduction of a numeric scale, rare coin grading was completed based solely upon the physical condition of the coin with just three general categories to include a coin in. Prior to the 1980s, rare coin collectors had only three broad categories to place coins into based upon their condition. These included:

Good: to qualify, these coins had to maintain most of the details of the design intact.

Fine: to qualify, these coins had to exhibit clear detail and some of its luster on the surfaces.

Uncirculated: to qualify, these coins should never have been in general circulation and still exhibit their full mint state condition.

The problem that was created by this system of definitions is that collectors and dealers eventually realized that some fine coins, for example, were finer than others. In refining the Sheldon Scale and applying it to modern gold bullion coins, the Numismatic Guaranty Corporation and Professional Coin Grading Service found that many buyers were often taken advantage of because of the difficulty in telling the difference between coins of the same category.

The PCGS and NGC both use the Sheldon Numeric Scale created in 1948 by Dr. William Sheldon. Dr. Sheldon was a famed numismatist who developed a scale ranging from 1 to 70 to assign a grade and value to the condition of any coin. A coin with the grade of 1 is the lowest, while 70 represents the highest. In use, a coin with a 70 grade is considered to have a value 70 times that of coin graded 1.

As you browse the gold coins for sale online at, you’ll notice many of the following terms associated with certified Gold Maple Leaf coins:

MS 70: These coins are considered perfect specimens. You’ll find the full, original mint luster present and notice a complete lack of detracting flaws on any of the surfaces of the coin.

MS 69: Considered near-perfect specimens, these coins exhibit their full, original mint luster as well. However, you’ll also find a maximum of two minor detracting flaws that range from miniscule hairlines to microscopic contact marks. These flaws are found only outside of the primary focal areas of the coin.

PR/PF 70: These proof coins are considered perfect specimens. You’ll find the full, original mint luster present and notice a complete lack of detracting flaws on any of the surfaces of the coin.

PR/PF 69: Considered near-perfect proof specimens, these coins exhibit their full, original mint luster as well. However, you’ll also find a maximum of two minor detracting flaws that range from miniscule hairlines to microscopic contact marks. These flaws are only found outside of the primary focal areas of the coin.

FS/ER: Short for First Strike and Early Release, these designations are used for coins that arrive at the respective PCGS or NGC depository (or an approved third-party depository) within the first 30 days of the release date set by the production mint for a given coin. These coins ship with special First Strike Labels courtesy of the PCGS, or Early Release labels from the NGC.

DCAM/UCAM: Deep Cameo, or Ultra-Cameo for NGC coins, is a term reserved only for certified proof coins. DCAM/UCAM refers to a proof specimen that has a strong, frosted finish on the design set with a contrasting deeply-mirrored, clear background field. This effect gives the impression that the design is floating above the surface area of the coin.

How Much Are Maple Leaf Gold Coins Worth?

Gold bullion in the form of Canadian Maple Leaf coins means you can enjoy and benefit from the numismatic, or collector, value as well as increases in the price of gold. Gold Maple Leaf coins come in a variety of weights so even if your budget is modest, you can still buy gold.

Precious Canadian Gold coins are a solid addition to your investment portfolio, with a strong upward trend in the gold spot price over time. The Royal Canadian Mint is known for the quality of its Gold coins.

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